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Broad Canal Industrial Zone

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1805. 1st St.
  • The Athenaeum [later Cuneo] Press Building

The Broad Canal (1805 established, 1806 plans, Peter Tufts for the Cambridgeport Proprietors) and related canals represented a new era of industrial development in East Cambridge. Substantial industrial construction did not begin in this area until the late nineteenth century, when railroads, not water, provided transportation. The surviving canal maintains the original eighty-foot width but has been reduced to approximately one thousand feet long.

Located near the Charles River end of the canal are three buildings that document the former importance of this industrial zone. In 1895, Lockwood, Greene and Co., designed the Athenaeum (later Cuneo) Press Building (1923 expanded, 215 1st Street, NR) for Ginn and Company. A statue of Athena surmounts the entrance pavilion, and finely detailed brickwork conceals the standard mill construction within. Between the Athenaeum Press building and the Broad Canal stand Carter's Ink (239 1st Street), the work of Densmore and Le Clear (1910; 1983 remodeled, Priestly, Sterling). An important early example of reinforced concrete industrial construction, Carter's Ink still retains allusions to classical architecture with its exterior cast-concrete pilasters. Immediately adjacent to the canal rises the Cambridge Electric Light Company plant (265 1st Street), a late Moderne exercise with streamlined windows by Gilbert and Associates from 1947–1949. An addition in a similar style by Symmes, Maini and McKee Associates completed in 2003 is larger than the original building but does not detract from it. The ensemble of the canal and the Cambridge Electric Light plant with the two concrete and steel counterweighted lift bridges on 1st Street and the Cambridge Parkway provides a classic modern industrial landscape.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Keith N. Morgan
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Citation

Keith N. Morgan, "Broad Canal Industrial Zone", [Cambridge, Massachusetts], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/MA-01-EC4.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Massachusetts

Buildings of Massachusetts: Metropolitan Boston, Keith N. Morgan, with Richard M. Candee, Naomi Miller, Roger G. Reed, and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009, 281-283.

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