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Rectory

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Moreno Rectory
c. 1793; 1886–1891 addition. 2005 N. Plaza NW.
  • Gable
  • Garden
  • Portico
  • Portal and interior courtyard

Located just east of San Felipe de Neri Church on the north side of the Old Town Plaza, the rectory is a product of architectural transformations realized over nearly two centuries. Dating to 1793, the adobe structure was successively altered by Territorial, Italianate, Queen Anne, Mission, and Spanish Colonial Revival elements added in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

What began as a simple, flat-roofed, single-story structure with three-foot thick adobe walls was built as a Franciscan friary ( convento) for the attached church. Except for the addition of Territorial Style windows and doors following the annexation of New Mexico as a United States territory in 1848, the building remained unchanged until the 1880s, when the Jesuit clergy who assumed control of the church in 1868 began a series of alterations. With twenty-three new priests brought in to serve the parish of San Felipe between 1868 and 1900, the expansion of the rectory was first of all a matter of practical necessity.

Starting in 1886, a second story was added to the building. Two-foot thick adobe walls carry a cross-gable roof accented by scalloped shingles in the Queen Anne Style, an inset octagonal clock, an Italianate cornice with dentil molding, and paired brackets set between molded panels. In 1890–1891, the building was wrapped by wooden porticos, and the facade was covered with brick facing.

Old Town’s redefinition as a tourist center in the mid-twentieth century prompted a second round of alterations in the 1950s. A coat of tan stucco mimicking adobe was applied over the brick facing that had masked the original adobe construction. The wooden portico on the front was replaced by one in the California Mission Style, with round arches on large square piers; the rear portico, facing an interior courtyard, was remodeled as a Spanish Colonial Revival portal or portico with corbel bracket capitals set between timber posts and beams. Reinforcing this reacquired Spanish Colonial identity, the rectory garden was enclosed by an adobe wall and entrance gate.

Restored in 1995–1996, the rectory remains an integral part of the San Felipe parish.

References

Bunting, Bainbridge, and John W. McHugh, et. al. San Felipe de Neri Church founded 1706, Old Town, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Albuquerque, NM: San Felipe de Neri, 1972.

Clark, Merle. “San Felipe de Neri Church,” Bernalillo County, New Mexico. National Register of Historic Places Inventory–Nomination Form, 1969. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.

DeWitt, Susan, “Old Albuquerque Historic District,” Bernalillo County, New Mexico. National Register of Historic Places Inventory–Nomination Form, 1980. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.

Johnson, Byron A. Old Town, Albuquerque, New Mexico: A Guide to Its History and Architecture. Albuquerque, NM: City of Albuquerque, 1980.

“Parish History.” San Felipe de Neri Parish. Accessed February 17, 2016. http://sanfelipedeneri.org.

Sanchez, Fr. Robert F. From the Beginning: A Historical Survey Commemorating the Solemn Rededication of San Felipe de Neri Church, 1706-1972, Old Town Plaza, Albuquerque, New Mexico, December 17, 1972. Albuquerque, NM: San Felipe de Neri, 1972.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Regina N. Emmer
Coordinator: 
Christopher C. Mead
Regina N. Emmer
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Data

Timeline

  • 1792

    Original friary built by Franciscans
  • 1886

    Second story added by Jesuits
  • 1950

    Building remodeled
  • 1969

    Listed on the National Register of Historic Places as part of San Felipe de Neri Church
  • 1979

    Listed on the State Register of Cultural Properties as part of the Old Albuquerque Historic District
  • 1995

    Restored

What's Nearby

Citation

Regina N. Emmer, "Rectory", [Albuquerque, New Mexico], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/NM-01-001-0121-01.

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