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Spruce Hill Works

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100–500, Hopewell Culture. 16062 OH 104.

Spruce Hill Works is a hilltop enclosure encompassing 140 acres. Originally, the roughly triangular-shaped stone wall featured openings located at the northernmost point, along the western wall, and at the southeast corner. This southern opening was an elaborate configuration of three openings crossing an isthmus 700 feet wide. The Spruce Hill Works does not include any mounds, but represents another kind of ceremonial space.

References

“Hopewell Culture, National Historical Park, Ohio.” National Park Service. Accessed November 20, 2018. https://www.nps.gov/.

Lepper, Bradley T. “Archaeology of the Hopewell Culture.” In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology, edited by Claire Smith. New York: Springer New York, 2013.

Lepper, Bradley T. Ohio Archaeology: an illustrated chronicle of Ohio's ancient American Indian cultures. Wilmington, OH: Orange Frazer Press, 2005.

Lynott, Mark J. Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes of Ohio, More than Mounds and Geometric Earthworks. American Landscapes Series. Havertown, PA: Oxbow Books, 2015.

Squier, Ephraim G., and Davis, Edwin H. Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley.1848. Reprint, Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Weiss, Francine, “Hopeton Earthworks,” Ross County, Ohio. National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1975. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

Weiss, Francine, “Mound City Group National Monument,” Ross County, Ohio. National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1975. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Barbara Powers
Coordinator: 
Barbara Powers
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Data

Timeline

  • 100

    Built

What's Nearby

Citation

Barbara Powers, "Spruce Hill Works", [Chillicothe, Ohio], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/OH-01-141-0003-06.

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