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Mission Hills

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1921, with additions. Along Jefferson, Orchard, and Parkway drs., Mount Lebanon Township

Mission Hills, one of the best of the interwar developments in Mount Lebanon, was promoted by local realtor Lawrence Stevenson in 1921, and modeled after its namesake, developer Jesse Clyde (J.C.) Nichols’s subdivision in Kansas City. Stevenson subdivided a steeply sloping site into more than 300 lots, and sold the lots to individuals and builders, resulting in an unusually wide variety of housing styles. He once estimated that over fifty builders worked in Mission Hills in its early years. Tudor and Colonial Revival styles of the era predominate, but there are many bungalows, foursquares, and other styles mixed in. The curving street plan—derived from the Olmstedian “picturesque” style—helped tame the hilly site, and it was the first development south of Pittsburgh to break the regularity of Pittsburgh’s street grids. Visual continuity is maintained by the gently curving streets, common setback frontage, similarity of building materials, and generous amounts of land devoted to parklets. The landscaping of the streets is particularly noteworthy as the small parkways leading from the Washington Road entrance immediately give the entire development coherence and legibility. Much of subsequent Mount Lebanon development in the interwar years emulated these design elements and, taken together, constitute Mount Lebanon’s large National Register Historic District as an example of an early automobile suburb. Mission Hills is strictly a form of bedroom suburbia, but the tight town center of Mount Lebanon is only a few minutes away on foot, where one can still catch a trolley to Pittsburgh, now called the “T."

Writing Credits

Author: 
Lu Donnelly et al.
Updated By: 
John Conti (2022)
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Data

Timeline

  • 1921

    Built

What's Nearby

Citation

Lu Donnelly et al., "Mission Hills", [Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-01-AL130.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 1

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania, Lu Donnelly, H. David Brumble IV, and Franklin Toker. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010, 127-128.

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