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WCTU Petrikin Hall

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1901, John R. Cole. 136 W. High St.

This substantial Romanesque Revival building for the local branch of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is constructed of red brick on a rusticated brownstone foundation. Seven fenestrated arched bays, each with prominent voussoirs, extend up the first two stories of the facade; the third story is punctuated by a row of narrow windows. The vertical emphasis of the bays is balanced by a massive projecting cornice, supported by muscular scroll bracketing. Italianate details include a large, central segmental-arched pediment and low relief decoration of festoons and wreaths on the frieze. Petrikin Hall illustrates the power and popularity of the WCTU, which by 1901 was one of the most prominent women's organizations in the country (see also AR13). Though later often dismissed as a rigid “bluestocking” organization, at the turn of the twentieth century, the WCTU embraced many progressive reform causes, including women's suffrage, and became an important political and cultural force. This WCTU building originally included a large public meeting room with apartments on the upper stories to provide rental income. When theaters and other venues proved too much competition, the building was given over to commercial and residential tenants.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Lu Donnelly et al.
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Citation

Lu Donnelly et al., "WCTU Petrikin Hall", [Bellefonte, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-01-CE7.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 1

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania, Lu Donnelly, H. David Brumble IV, and Franklin Toker. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010, 343-343.

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