You are here

Stafford Bank and Opera House

-A A +A
1886, N. J. Clayton. 424 Spring St.

This massive, two-story Second Empire building is an unusual combination of a bank on the first floor and opera house on the expansive second floor. The brick building is heavily decorated with articulated arched windows and polychromatic brick combinations. It is one of the few extant buildings outside of Galveston designed by Clayton, one of the state's foremost nineteenth-century architects. In the celebrations following the laying of the courthouse cornerstone on July 7, 1890, the opera house's owner, Robert Stafford, and his brother were killed in an argument with city marshal Larkin Hope.

Across the street at 1220 Milam Street is the austere Caledonia Masonic Lodge No. 68 of 1927. The two-story building is one of the oldest Masonic lodges in Texas, chartered on January 24, 1851.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Gerald Moorhead et al.
×

Data

What's Nearby

Citation

Gerald Moorhead et al., "Stafford Bank and Opera House", [Columbus, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/TX-01-PF48.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 92-92.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,