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Josephine and Oscar Mitchell House

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1902, George Strauch, builder; 1940 remodeled. 902 Commerce St.

Adjoining the courthouse square at the south end of Refugio's small downtown is the town's most concentrated neighborhood of elite houses from the turn of the twentieth century, the period when the arrival of the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway rescued Refugio from the torpor in which it had existed for most of the nineteenth century. This house was built by Josephine O'Brien and her husband, Oscar Mitchell. According to Refugio journalist and historian Katharine E. Henkel, the Mitchell's daughter, Madie Mitchell Simmons, transformed the house with a Colonial Revival remodeling in 1940, reusing such elements as the gallery balusters.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "Josephine and Oscar Mitchell House", [Refugio, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: Central, South, and Gulf Coast, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 489-489.

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