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Cadillac Ranch

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1974, Ant Farm. I-40, near exit 60 (S. Frontage Rd.)

Chip Lord, Hudson Marquez, and Doug Michaels of the design collective Ant Farm created Cadillac Ranch for eccentric Amarillo millionaire Stanley Marsh 3. Known as Amarillo’s “Bumper Crop,” ten Cadillacs were planted nose-down and at an angle in a Panhandle wheat field to celebrate Route 66’s golden age from 1949 to 1963. Michaels called Cadillac Ranch the “hood ornament of Route 66” The fifty-two-degree angle refers to the inclination of the sides of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Originally located in a field closer to town, the installation was moved two miles west in 1997 as Amarillo encroached on the site, although the later field is once again surrounded with development. From the beginning, the cars have attracted graffiti, been repainted, “restored,” and polychromed again. In 2002, the cars were returned to their original colors (briefly) as part of the Hampton Hotel’s national Save-A-Landmark program under the supervision of Michaels. Until his death in 2014, Marsh persisted in annoying staid local sensibilities with his projects and pranks, including painting a field to look like a big pool table (complete with giant balls and a 100-foot cue) and installing fake traffic signs with cryptic messages.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "Cadillac Ranch", [Amarillo, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: East, North Central, Panhandle and South Plains, and West, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2019, 347-348.

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