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House (Powerhouse)

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1923; 1988, Cunningham Architects. 3321 Armstrong Ave.

This typical three-story, red brick electrical switching station with minimal classical trim was adapted for a residence without losing any of the muscularity of its industrial origin. The interior was opened up to expose the steel framework, and new exposed ductwork and an exterior steel-framed exit stair maintain the industrial vocabulary. Even the rolling chain hoist is still in place. A colossal pivoting steel mesh gate opens through the tall brick enclosing walls of the old transformer yard to the motor court, shaded by an old oak, and a landscaped urban courtyard (2009, Hocker Design Group). The work of Dallas architect Gary Cunningham is known for its integrity of materials and sensitivity to site.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "House (Powerhouse)", [Dallas, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: East, North Central, Panhandle and South Plains, and West, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2019, 163-163.

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