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California Building

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c. 1850. 1 Wall St.

William “Extra Billy” Smith, who went on to be a Confederate general and twice governor of Virginia, paid for this building with profits he made in California during the Gold Rush. It is a five-bay brick house with Greek Revival trim and a Gothic cornice. Its wrought iron fence is a good example.

Writing Credits

Richard Guy Wilson et al.


What's Nearby


Richard Guy Wilson et al., "California Building", [Warrenton, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Virginia: Tidewater and Piedmont, Richard Guy Wilson and contributors. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 115-115.

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