You are here

Green Springs National Historic Landmark District

-A A +A
Bounded by U.S. 15 and U.S. 22 (between Boswell's Tavern and Zion Crossroads)

A 14,000-acre bowl of extremely fertile pastures and fields stands in contrast to the thin soil and scrub pine of the surrounding hills. The area was settled in 1722 and today still retains much of the agricultural feel of the mid-nineteenth century. The name comes from a spring near the center that became a spa in the late eighteenth century. In the early 1970s the area became the site of a major preservation battle as the state attempted to build a high-security prison, and other interests attempted to secure the land for strip mining of vermiculite for kitty litter. After a protracted battle, it became a National Historic Landmark. The area has a number of significant buildings, not visible from the road, such as Hawkwood (1851–1854, Alexander Jackson Davis).

Writing Credits

Richard Guy Wilson et al.


What's Nearby


Richard Guy Wilson et al., "Green Springs National Historic Landmark District", [Gordonsville, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Virginia: Tidewater and Piedmont, Richard Guy Wilson and contributors. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 135-136.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,