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Mannheim and Slave Quarters

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1788 house; c. 1855 rear ell; c. 1830 slave quarters. 4713 Wengers Mill Rd.
  • Mannheim (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Mannheim (Virginia Department of Historic Resources)
  • Mannheim (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Mannheim (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Mannheim (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Slave quarters (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Slave quarters (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Slave quarters (Photograph by Mark Mones)

Mannheim was named for the German city from which its owner Samuel Coffman emigrated. This square-shaped limestone dwelling is a rare survival and a somewhat unusual variation on the central-chimney German house found in the Valley in the late eighteenth century. Its irregular three-bay facade reflects the house's interior plan of three rooms. The house was enlarged around 1855 with a two-story, two-room-plan ell. Although popular folklore in the Valley downplays the presence of slaves in the antebellum period, the brick slave house across the road from the main house, which once had a twin structure, indicates that some farms had substantial slave communities. This rectangular slave house was designed to serve two families, each with a separate outside door, an exterior-end chimney serving a fireplace in the family's one room on the first floor, and an upper-level unfinished sleeping loft. This type of two-family structure was frequently used for slave housing.

Writing Credits

Anne Carter Lee


What's Nearby


Anne Carter Lee, "Mannheim and Slave Quarters", [Linville, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Virginia vol 2

Buildings of Virginia: Valley, Piedmont, Southside, and Southwest, Anne Carter Lee and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2015, 99-99.

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