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Masonic Temple (Baptist Church)

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Baptist Church
1855. VT 15 at Pearl St., Johnson village

This former Baptist meetinghouse illustrates how the adaptation of Greek Revival forms to local or a builder's limitations led to distinctive aesthetic results. Its form is typical for the mid-nineteenth century: a clapboarded temple-fronted block with an entrance vestibule that gives onto a ground-floor vestry and an elevated sanctuary. Set back above the portico is a square multistage tower that rises from a low, originally flush-boarded base past a squat belfry to a taller clock stage, originally crowned with a volute-scrolled parapet. The decorative vocabulary is conventional—window and door frames with ears and broad plain entablatures on corner pilasters. However, the portico's columns are unconventional. Rather than turned cylinders, they are square piers with narrow panels on each face that taper from the base to a simply molded cap that imparts an Egyptian quality. The paneled form of the columns is repeated in the frame of the door and the articulated pilasters of the front corners of the main block. This solution, repeated in 1866 (possibly by the same builder) for a Baptist church in Montgomery, is testimony to the vigor and flexibility of Greek Revival as a style for vernacular invention. In 1919 the building was acquired by the Masonic Order, but the tower and its clock remain town property.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Glenn M. Andres and Curtis B. Johnson
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Citation

Glenn M. Andres and Curtis B. Johnson, "Masonic Temple (Baptist Church)", [Johnson, Vermont], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/VT-01-LA3.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Vermont

Buildings of Vermont, Glenn M. Andres and Curtis B. Johnson. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 220-220.

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