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Buffalo Indian Village Site

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c. 1650–1700. 1963–1965, investigated. 1.5 miles southwest of Buffalo, between WV 62 and the Kanawha River

Perhaps the most important Native American site in West Virginia, this protohistoric village stood high on the first terrace above the river. It had a stockade measuring 650 by 450 feet, with an open square in the center surrounded by ceremonial houses. Three concentric rows of closely built houses measuring about 30 by 20 feet surrounded this area. Archaeological investigations, undertaken between 1963 and 1965, revealed more than five hundred burial sites within the stockade.

Shawnee, one of the Algonquian tribes, lived in the village but were gradually dislocated by encroaching pioneer settlement. A state historical marker along WV 62 locates the site.

Writing Credits

S. Allen Chambers Jr.


What's Nearby


S. Allen Chambers Jr., "Buffalo Indian Village Site", [Buffalo, West Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

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