The broad facade of this narrow, two-story brick building with a simple gable roof centers the town square. Sills and lintels, of locally quarried stone, are Greek Revival in profile. The building housed one of the valley's best known antebellum academies, served as a muster point and barracks for Civil War troops of both sides, and was fired upon during a skirmish. After damages were repaired, it became a public school and served as such until 1952. A 1986–1987 federal historic preservation grant provided funds to restore the roof, and further restoration has been accomplished subsequently.
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