You are here

Tyler County Courthouse and Jail

-A A +A
1854, courthouse. 1974, jail. 1922, remodeling and additions, Holmboe and Pogue. Southeast corner of Main and Court sts.
  • Tyler County Courthouse and Jail

As early as 1905, Tyler County sought to replace its 1854 courthouse with a new building. Voters rejected the proposed $60,000 bond issue that would have funded the project, and it was not until 1922 that the issue was again addressed. This time around, county officials decided on a less ambitious approach of remodeling and adding to the building at a cost of $50,000.

A handsome classical frontispiece—a twostory, pedimented portico sheathed in smoothly dressed limestone—contrasts effectively with warm orange tapestry brick walls behind. The portico's first story is treated as an arcade supporting the second level, where stone piers with brick infill arches support a frieze on which the name of the building is inscribed. The pediment contains a sculpted ensemble with a seated figure of Justice impartially dispensing judgments to male and female supplicants urgently begging for mercy. Holmboe and Pogue also added the prominent stone-trimmed brick clock tower that rises from the building's hipped roof behind the portico.

The earlier sheriff's residence and the county jail to the south are physically connected to the courthouse, but they are definitely not linked architecturally. Here, rugged sandstone blocks laid in regular courses and topped with a crenellated parapet convey an appropriate sense of incarceration for those who failed to beg Justice hard enough.

Writing Credits

S. Allen Chambers Jr.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,