Conceived as “the second city” for Oahu, Kapolei sprang up in the late 1980s on former pineapple and sugar cane lands owned by the Campbell estate. Planned as a second urban core for the island of Oahu, it currently boasts a population of approximately 40,000. However, efforts to make it a self-sufficient city have not been successful, and it remains a bedroom community of Honolulu, intensifying the transportation problem it was designed to improve.
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