You are here

Sudbury

-A A +A

Settled in 1639 along the dominant east-west trail leading into the interior of Massachusetts (later the Boston Post Road), Sudbury grew slowly, hampered by heavy losses in an April 1676 raid during King Phillip's War. A small number of mills augmented a subsistence agricultural economy in the colonial period, from which an impressive number of houses survive. After the Revolution, little changed in Sudbury's population or economy until the final quarter of the nineteenth century. Two secondary rail lines (1870s–1880s) only facilitated the export of agricultural products to a larger market. Anti-quarian interest in the colonial past brought urbanites eager to restore old houses, most notably the industrialist Henry Ford's activities at the Wayside Inn (SD3) in the 1920s. By then, the automobile highways of routes 20 and 27 opened the agricultural lands for suburban development. Commercial pressure along these routes and adjacent residential expansion increased in the second half of the twentieth century, although the Sudbury Center Historic District (SD1) retains its historic character.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Keith N. Morgan

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,