You are here


-A A +A

Culpeper County was formed from part of Orange County in 1749. The county seat, originally named Fairfax but changed to Culpeper in 1870 to avoid the obvious confusion with the Northern Virginia town and county, was established and platted in a gridiron pattern in 1759. The site was a major turnpike crossroads, and the railroad arrived in 1854. The area was heavily fought over during the Civil War. Because U.S. 29 bypassed Culpeper to the east, it has retained the feeling of a small, agriculturally based town. Commercial downtown Culpeper reflects the impact of the city's 1888 Fire Code—enacted following a disastrous fire—which required brick- or stone-faced facades and slate or metal roofs.

Writing Credits

Richard Guy Wilson et al.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.