Located at the intersection of two important colonial roads, the Winchester-Alexandria Road (now VA 7) and the Charles Town-Old Chapel Road (now U.S. 340), the community was first called Battletown. The town took its present name when it was officially chartered in 1798 by Benjamin Berry. When Clarke County was established in 1836, Berryville was designated the county seat. Main Street is characterized by late-nineteenth-century, mostly two-story, commercial buildings and the town includes many examples of late-nineteenth-century Italianate, Queen Anne, and Colonial Revival houses. A light industrial area with a late-nineteenth-century flour mill, grain elevator, and warehouse is located at the eastern entrance to the town where Main Street crosses the Norfolk Southern Railway.
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