Brick-paved Madison Street between 1st and 5th streets is the main thorough-fare of this hill neighborhood. Like the others, Garland Hill had an initial antebellum surge of development, followed by a second wave in the 1890s. Antebellum houses on the southwest side of the street were built to face an unobstructed view of the mountains across Blackwater Creek and the James River Valley. The turn-of-the-twentieth-century houses that now block their view were designed to impress, not to enjoy the vista. Their elaborate Queen Anne facades face the street, while their posteriors perch precipitously above a precipice.
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