The site of Buckingham, then known as Maysville, was established in 1818 as the county seat and a courthouse was built. Despite some losses, this linear courthouse village has retained a remarkable cohesiveness. Because of his construction work on the courthouse (see BU1) of 1822, builder Dabney Cosby moved here from Charlottesville and worked in the area until 1830 when he relocated to Prince Edward County. Cosby's presence could account for the unusual number of well-constructed brick buildings here, a town where almost all early houses would ordinarily be frame. Many of the community's nineteenth-century buildings lining the main street have roofs covered with the high-quality Buckingham slate.
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