For much of the nineteenth century, the James River was the area's main route for transporting agricultural products to larger markets. Cartersville, situated on a bluff above one of the river's main crossings and founded in 1790, became a thriving river port next to the James River and Kanawha Canal system. With the coming of the railroad in the nineteenth century, water transport faded and so did the bustle of life in Cartersville. Many of the buildings in Cartersville, almost all of which are frame, have gone through several additions and modifications, which for the most part have produced harmonious results.
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