Barboursville, founded in 1813, was named for Virginia Governor James Barbour. In 1835 Joseph Martin called it a “handsome little village” of “25 dwelling houses.” U.S. 60 bypassed Barboursville in 1930, and the town's smallscale charm comes as a welcome relief from the commercial strip architecture that now lines both sides of the highway between it and Huntington. Barboursville's historic core lies on both sides of Main Street, which follows the lazy curves of its predecessor, the old turnpike. With a 2000 population of 3,183, Barboursville still maintains the demeanor of a small, early-nineteenth-century village, at least in its center.
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