SAH Archipedia uses terms from the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) to categorize and classify metadata for the entries in the database. For more information on the Getty AAT, click here.

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cabañas (recreational)
Small cabins, simple enclosures, or tentlike structures erected at beaches or swimming pools as bathhouses.

cabarets (buildings)
Cafélike facilities often with a dance floor or small stage and featuring entertainment generally of an improvisational, satirical, or topical nature.

cabinets (rooms)
Relatively small, private rooms, often adjacent to bedrooms in great houses, serving as sitting rooms, rooms for dressing, study, devotion, or private meetings, and, during certain periods, often containing collections of curiosities and art objects.

cabins (houses)
Small dwellings characteristic of the frontier or other rustic area, especially when built by non-professionals from available logs or stones.

cable-stayed bridges
Bridges having a deck that is directly supported from towers or pylons by straight cables without vertical suspenders. Construction of cable-stayed bridges usually follows the cantilever method. After the tower is built, one cable and a section of the deck are constructed in each direction. Each section of the deck is pre-stressed before continuing. The process is repeated until the deck sections meet in the middle, where they are connected. The ends are anchored at the abutments.

cafés (restaurants)
Designates informal eating facilities with plated table service, a limited food-oriented menu generally of simply prepared items and coffee, and a social atmosphere emphasizing bustle and noise.

cafeterias (eating and drinking spaces)
Self-service establishments providing prepared food and drinks from long counters for on-premise or immediate consumption.

cages (enclosures)
Boxlike enclosures having openwork of bars, wires, or the like used to confine or protect its occupant, or to admit light or ventilation. Typically reserved for large or small enclosures of this type used for animals, or for freestanding barred enclosures for humans. For such rooms in prisons, particularly if the room is enclosed within walls and having only a limited area of bars, prefer "prison cells."

cairns
Ancient landmarks, monuments, memorials, or burial places covered with stones or a large mound of earth, specific to Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, For similar burial mounds specific to England, use "barrows." For piles of earth, generally, use "mounds"; for piles of earth used specifically over tombs, use "burial mounds."

camp sites (recreation spaces)
Individual locations, within organized campgrounds or as isolated sites, set aside or otherwise marked for camping.

campaniles
Lofty detached bell towers, particularly such towers found adjacent to certain Italian churches.

campgrounds
Areas comprised of individual camp sites and providing facilities and conveniences for camping.

camping trailers
Automobile-drawn, wheeled recreational vehicles providing a temporary dwelling or shelter while camping outdoors, often incorporating a folding shelter of canvas or other fabric. Distinguished from "motor homes," which are larger.

camps (recreation areas)
Temporary short-term habitation complexes, with permanent recreational facilities and often offering a structured program of activities. Temporary short-term habitation complexes, with permanent recreational facilities and often offering a structured program of activities.

camps (temporary settlements)
Use primarily in anthropological and archaeological contexts for small, scattered, seasonal or temporary settlements, usually places of shelter or lodging, often associated with specific activities, and generally having no permanent architecture.

campuses
Grounds of colleges or universities, including the open space between or around the buildings. The term is also used to refer to the grounds of other building complexes with layouts similar to colleges.

canals (waterways)
Artificial navigable waterways.

canchas
Denotes three-walled courts marked for playing jai alai.

canneries
Factories where food, especially meat and fruit, are canned.

cantilever bridges
Bridges built using cantilevers, which are structures that project horizontally into space and are supported on only one end. In a typical cantilever bridge, two cantilever arms are joined in the center by a light suspended span. The balancing of forces of tension, or pulling, and the forces of compression, or squeezing, create a strong bridge; thus cantilever construction is employed for large spans in certain sites, especially for heavy loads.

cantilevers
Beams or other lements that project horizontally or nearly horizontally into space, and are fixed at one end and carry a load distributed along the length or at the other, such as a diving board. The upper half of the thickness of such a beam is subjected to tensile stress, tending to elongate the fibres, the lower half to compressive stress, tending to crush them. Beams or other lements that project horizontally or nearly horizontally into space, and are fixed at one end and carry a load distributed along the length or at the other, such as a diving board. The upper half of the thickness of such a beam is subjected to tensile stress, tending to elongate the fibres, the lower half to compressive stress, tending to crush them.

cantonments
Encampments formed by troops for long stays while on a campaign, especially during winter.

canyons
Deep, steep-sided land depressions, often having a river at the bottom; common to arid and semi-arid areas. Distinct from "valleys (landforms)," which tend to have a flattish landscape rather than high, precipitous slopes. Distinct from "gorges (landforms)," which tend to be smaller, narrower, and more rocky.

Cape Cod houses
Timber framed, one or one and a half story, side-gabled houses, with a central chimney, steeply-pitched roof, and typically clapboarded or shingled siding. These were small houses found in colonial New England, particularly Massachusetts, during the 18th century. The Cape Cod house also became popular in the United states as a revival style in the 20th century.

capes (landforms)
Land areas, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction.

capitols (legislative buildings)
Buildings in the United States that are occupied by a legislature; may also house one or more of the other branches of government.

cardrooms
Rooms equipped for card playing.

carillons
Sets of stationary hanging bells, normally for outdoor use in an open tower chamber or on a high frame, played manually from a keyboard, automatically by clockwork, or electronically by pneumatic mechanism. More extensive than chimes, their range covers two octaves or more, with all but the lowest notes forming a fully chromatic scale. They are typically played with a keyboard, by which keys mechanically activate levers and wires that connect to metal clappers that strike the inside of the bells. They are often housed in the bell tower of a church or other municipal building.

Carnegie libraries (institutions)
Libraries originally funded by Andrew Carnegie; found in the United States, Canada, Ireland, and Great Britain.

carousels (rides)
Structures consisting of a revolving circular platform with seats, often in the form of horses or other animals, on which people may ride, usually to the accompaniment of mechanical or recorded music.

carports
Roofed shelters for automobiles, often without walls; usually associated with or projecting from a separate building.

carrels
Small rooms, cubicles, alcoves, or enclosed study desks, such as in libraries, used for individual or semiprivate study.

carriage houses
Buildings or outbuildings separate from the living quarters designed or used for the storage of coaches, carriages, other vehicles, and often horses.

carriage museums (buildings)
Buildings that house and display horse-drawn carriages and related objects or documents.

cascades (water features)
Man-made stepped waterfalls, whether naturalistic or architectural in form. For similar natural or highly naturalistic features, use "waterfalls."

Case Study houses
Prototype single-family houses generally conceived as experiments in low-cost construction using the latest materials and incorporating Modernist forms. Prime examples are those sponsored by Arts and Architecture magazine and built in the Los Angeles area between 1945 and 1966.

casement windows
Windows having a sash that opens on hinges attached to the upright side of the frame.

casinos
Public entertainment buildings for meeting, dancing, and general recreation, often with eating and drinking facilities, music, and game rooms; for similar buildings equipped with gambling devices, use "gambling casinos."

castles (fortifications)
Buildings or groups of buildings intended primarily to serve as a fortified residence of a prince or nobleman.

cathedrals (buildings)
Churches that are the principal church of a diocese, serving as the seat of the bishop, or of the archbishop, primate, patriarch, or pope of the diocese. They are generally grandiose structures and house the "cathedra," which is the throne of the bishop.

cattle barns
Relatively large structures used to shelter beef cattle; for relatively large structures for dairy cow housing, use "dairy barns"; for relatively small structures used to house dairy or beef cows or bulls, use "cow houses;" for relatively small shelters having at least one open wall, use "cowsheds."

cattle ranches
Ranches devoted primarily to the raising of beef cattle.

catwalks (circulation elements)
No description is available for this term.

causeways
Roads or pathways raised above surrounding low, wet, or uneven ground.

cave dwellings
Dwellings that are made within natural caves or within caves that have been altered for habitation.

caverns
Large, subterranean, naturally formed chambers, with entrances from the surface.

caves
Natural openings in the earth large enough for human exploration, the largest and most common being those formed by a chemical reaction between circulating groundwater and limestone or dolomite bedrock.

cellars (storerooms)
Rooms, often wholly or mostly below ground level, used for storage of food and often other items; for similar areas serving utility purposes or as living spaces, use "basements."

cells (interior spaces)
Single rooms usually housing only one person within a building having numerous similar rooms, as in a convent or in a prison.

cement plants
Facilities for the manufacture of cement, which is a construction material that is an ingredient of mortar and concrete.

cemeteries
In general, areas used for burial or entombment. Specifically, typically refers to relatively large public parks or grounds laid out expressly for the interment of the dead, and not being the yard of any church. Originally the term was derived from the Latin "cœmeterium," referring to Roman underground cemeteries or catacombs.

cenotaphs
Sepulchral monuments erected to a person or persons buried elsewhere.

central business districts
The high-density cores of cities or towns, where activities are principally retail, commercial, service, and often governmental.

ceremonial mounds
Large mounds of earth or debris that were constructed for ceremonial purposes, usually built by ancient peoples and sometimes with an unknown purpose.

ceremonial sites
Sites that are used for ceremonial purposes; often an ancient site, sometimes the purpose of which is unknown.

ceremonial structures
Structures built or used primarily or exculsively for ceremonies or related activities.

chain link fences
Fences made of heavy steel wire which is interwoven in such a way as to provide a continuous mesh without ties or knots, except at the ends.

chain stores
Series of stores which belong to one firm, and sell the same type of merchandise. Series of stores which belong to one firm, and sell the same type of merchandise.

chair lifts (chairlike conveyances)
Refers to a series of chairlike elements suspended from an endless cable designed for carrying skiers up a slope.

chair rails
Horizontal strips, usually of wood, affixed to walls at a height which prevents the backs of chairs from damaging the wall surface.

chalets
Use both for Swiss herdsmen's houses, usually of wood with exposed structural members and overhanging upper floors, and for any house built in the Swiss style.

chambers (assembly spaces)
Rooms appropriated to the meetings of deliberative, legislative, or judicial bodies; by extension, may also be used for the private rooms of judges.

chancels
Spaces in Christian churches containing the high altar and reserved for the use of the clergy. Includes the choir when present. Use "choirs" for the spaces in Christian churches, generally between the altar area and the nave, reserved for choristers.

chandeliers (hanging lights)
Lighting devices designed to hang from the roof or ceiling having two or more branches, holding candles, burners, or lamps; often ornamental.

channels (water bodies)
Feature that is relatively long and narrow and axially located in relation to the waterway, such as used to designate the deepest part of streambeds where the main current runs, or stretches of sea between two land areas and linking two seas.

chapels (rooms or structures)
Rooms or small buildings that serve as sanctuaries or places of Christian worship. A chapel may be used for private worship in or attached to a church, palace, house, prison, monastery, or school. It may alternatively be used for public worship of the established Church, subordinate to or dependent upon the parish church, the accommodation supplied by which it in some way supplements. The concept includes both freestanding chapels and rooms or recesses serving as chapels in churches or other buildings. The Latin "cappella" or the French-derived "chappelle" or "chapelle" are occasionally used for "chapel" in English texts. In its original meaning, the term referred specifically to the shrine in which the kings of France preserved the cape (cloak) of St. Martin.

chapels of ease (buildings)
Church buildings constructed within the bounds of a parish for the attendance of those who cannot reach the parish church conveniently.

chapter houses
Designates assembly halls for the business meetings of religious or fraternal organizations.

chases (wall spaces)
Continuous recesses or grooves built into walls to receive pipes, ducts, and other elements.

châteaux
Large country houses in France, which prior to the 16th century were usually fortified.

chemical plants
Factories in which chemicals are created or manipulated, whether natural or synthetic.

chevets (building spaces)
Combination of apse, ambulatory, and usually radial chapels of a church, especially French Gothic.

Chicago windows
Windows occupying the full width of a bay and divided into a large fixed sash flanked by a narrow movable sash on each side.

chicken hatcheries
Buildings or rooms equipped with heated lamps and other equipment used to facilitate the incubation and hatching of chickens' eggs outside the environment of their mothers' nests.

chicken houses
Structures constructed for or used to house domesic chickens being raised for meat or to lay eggs. Traditionally the term refers to relatively small structures with areas for the chickens to sit on nests, eat, and drink, and having open access to a yard. The term may also be used to refer to large buildings operated by commercial enterprises, having large numbers of cages or other small enclosures that are each used confine one or two animals for long periods of time or their entire life.

children's gardens
Gardens designed for children, to teach them about ecology.

children's hospitals
Hospitals specializing in the treatment of diseases and injuries of children.

children's libraries (buildings)
Buildings housing collections of books, furniture, and other facilities that are specifically geared towards the needs of children.

children's libraries (institutions)
Libraries containing collections specifically geared towards the needs of children.

children's museums (buildings)
Buildings housing museums with exhibits aimed at an audience of children and their education, for example, with texts written at a child's level of understanding and hands-on exhibits intended to maintain a child's interest.

children's playhouses
Small houselike structures designed for children to play in.

children's villages
Residential treatment centers, often in a rural setting, which provide medical and counseling services for children with emotional problems.

children's zoos
Zoos designed for the education and enjoyment of children and young adults, often including a petting zoo, animal shows, and exhibits of baby animals.

chimney stacks
Chimneys containing a number of flues, especially when rising as shafts above a roof.

chimneys (architectural elements)
Vertical noncombustible structures containing flues for drawing off into the outside air products of combustion from, for example, stoves, fireplaces, and furnaces.

china cabinets
Cabinets, often with glass fronts and sides, used to hold and display china.

Chinatowns
Chinese sections of large towns or cities, especially sea ports.

Chinese festivals
Festivals celebrated in China and other Asian countries, and elsewhere by people of Asian ethnicity or descent.

Chinese gardens
Gardens laid out to imitate those in China, often including Chinese-style structures; especially popular in Europe during the 18th century.

choir lofts
Galleries appropriated to a choir.

choirs (church spaces)
Refers to spaces in Christian churches, generally between the altar area or sanctuary and the nave, reserved for choristers. For spaces containing the altar area and the choir, when present, use "chancels." For elevated platforms from which a choir, often composed of laity, sings, use "choir lofts."

church buildings by function
No description is available for this term.

church camps
Camps run by a particular religious group and focusing on activities that promote the beliefs of the religion; church camps often cater to children, but may also include adults. The term is often distinguished from "religious camps," which often refers specifically to 19th-century camps for revival meetings on the American frontier.

church historians
Those who study the history of Christian Churches and their sects and branches.

church towers
Towers attached to churches.

churches (buildings)
Buildings for public Christian worship that are distinguished historically from chapels and oratories, which are buildings that are in some respect private, or not public in the widest sense. Church architecture generally somewhat follows standard models, which vary depending upon the date, location, and characteristics of the congregation.

churchyards
Yards which belong to churches and are used as places for burial.

chutes
Inclined or vertical troughs or shafts, for conveying materials of any kind to a lower level.

cigar stores
Stores specializing in the sale of cigars and related tobacco products and smoking accessories.

circulation spaces
Open spaces in rooms that allow for unencumbered movement within them. Circulation spaces can occupy a percentage of a room, or be constructed for the singular purpose of allowing free circulation. For outdoor pedestrian circulation pathways see terms collocated under "walkways".

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