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William H. H. and Florence Clayton House (Sutton House)

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1852; 1880s additions; 1970s restored. 514 N. 6th St.
  • (Arkansas Historic Preservation Program, A Division of the Department of Arkansas Heritage, Ralph Wilcox, photographer)

This house was built by banker and businessman Bruce Sutton, who with his family fled to Texas for the duration of the Civil War, returning to find his house damaged and his hoarded Confederate money worthless. In 1882, William H. H. Clayton and his wife, Florence, purchased the neglected house and restored and enlarged it, adding its north portion in the same style as the original. The two-and-a-half-story house has a one-story porch across the facade, a bay window, clipped gables at the roofline, and Italianate details such as paired wooden brackets, ornate hood molds, and slender cast-iron columns on the porch. Interior wood finish is largely yellow pine and painted, an exception being the main stair-case railing and elaborate newel post of black walnut. Clayton was one of four brothers from Pennsylvania, among whom was Powell Clayton, a founding developer of Eureka Springs. William H. H. Clayton was appointed U.S. district attorney for the Western District of Arkansas by President Ulysses S. Grant. In 1969, the Fort Smith Heritage Foundation acquired the house in order to prevent its demolition and led its renovation. It is now a house museum.

Writing Credits

Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors


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Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors, "William H. H. and Florence Clayton House (Sutton House)", [Fort Smith, Arkansas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Arkansas

Buildings of Arkansas, Cyrus A. Sutherland and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2018, 96-96.

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