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Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College

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1920–1924, Maginnis and Walsh. 125 Michigan Ave. NE
  • Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College
  • Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College
  • Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College

Notre Dame Chapel's irregular placement in relation to the college's first structure, the Main Building (1899–1909, Edwin F. Durang and Son of Philadelphia), was due to the church's ritualistic alignment, with the entrance facing west and the altar located at the east end. The college's site, including hills and ravines, was not landscaped until the Olmsted Brothers of Brookline, Massachusetts, undertook the work in 1929.

The chapel's Neo-Byzantine style is primarily expressed in its low saucer dome set atop a 67-foot-high circular drum and by its compact massing and tall proportions. Four arms tightly hug the dome, which rises above stepped gradations of the simple geometric porticoed arm. Plain Kentucky limestone surfaces and red tile roofs all contribute to the impression that Notre Dame's stylistic origins lie in eastern Christian churches.

The chapel's decoration refers throughout to the Virgin Mary, beginning with Mary and Child enthroned attended by angels in the pedimental sculpture on the west portico and continuing with scenes of her life in the nave's stained glass executed by Connick of Boston. The fine quality mosaics above the altar depicting the Coronation of the Virgin, designed by Bancel La Farge and executed at the Ravenna mosaic factory in Munich, are the glory of the interior.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee
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Citation

Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee, "Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College", [Washington, District of Columbia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/DC-01-NE07.

Print Source

Buildings of the District of Columbia, Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, 286-287.

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