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United States Department of Agriculture, South Building

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1930–1937, Office of the Supervising Architect. Independence Ave. between 12th and 14th streets SW
  • United States Department of Agriculture, South Building

The seven-story South Building of the Department of Agriculture, with its 4,500 office bays, was envisioned as a functional annex to the main departmental building on the Mall. Two arched bridges at the third-floor level over Independence Avenue link the buildings, which together suggest the importance of agriculture to the country.

The elevations of the South Building on 12th and 14th streets were to be visible from the Mall. The 14th Street side is sheathed in limestone, with a central entrance pavilion composed of sixteen monumental Corinthian columns. The 12th Street side is also of limestone. The two long elevations are clad in variegated tan brick and terracotta trim.

Interior lightwells along the C Street side provide natural illumination to the huge building. The spandrels between windows are ornamented with relief panels depicting animals native to the United States, among them turkeys, eagles, horses, bulls, and rams. The animal motif is carried out in the medallions in the frieze on the 14th Street side. All are the work of sculptor Edwin Morris. Pilasters articulate the large wall masses and separate windows of varying widths. Terracotta fretwork and strips at the water table and parapet further adorn this massive structure.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee
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Citation

Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee, "United States Department of Agriculture, South Building", [Washington, District of Columbia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/DC-01-SW07.

Print Source

Buildings of the District of Columbia, Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, 237-238.

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