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James Gallier House

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1857–1860, James Gallier Jr. 1132 Royal St.
  • (Photograph by Karen Kingsley)
  • (Photograph by Karen Kingsley)

Gallier Jr. designed this two-story residence for his wife, Josephine Aglae Villavaso, and their four daughters. Constructed of stuccoed brick, rusticated and painted to resemble granite on the ground floor, the mildly Greek Revival facade is softened by a two-story, rosette-patterned cast-iron gallery. In his plan, Gallier combined the Creole carriageway leading back to a courtyard with the American preference for a staircase in the side hall rather than on the rear gallery. A double parlor divided by a screen of decorative pilasters and square columns is situated on the ground floor; four bedrooms occupy the second floor, and the dining room is in the service wing. Gallier’s house possessed all the architectural amenities and fashions of the upper-middle-class lifestyle at that time, including a ventilation system, plumbing, hot and cold running water on the second floor, a copper bathtub, a cast-iron cooking range, and closets. The present exterior cistern (c. 1850) was moved here from a St. James Parish plantation. A wing for four enslaved workers, including a kitchen, is attached to the rear of the house. Gallier maintained an office in the upstairs hall, illuminated by a skylight. Architectural drawings (including indications of the garden) and house records made possible an accurate restoration of the building in 1971 by Henry Krotzer of Koch and Wilson, Architects, with interiors by Samuel Dornsife; the landscape architect was Christopher C. Friedrichs (1932–2015). It is now a house museum associated with the Herman-Grima House (OR19) and open to the public.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Karen Kingsley and Lake Douglas
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Data

Timeline

  • 1857

    Built
  • 1971

    Restored

What's Nearby

Citation

Karen Kingsley and Lake Douglas, "James Gallier House", [New Orleans, Louisiana], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/LA-02-OR26.

Print Source

buildings of new orleans book

Buildings of New Orleans, Karen Kingsley and Lake Douglas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2018, 40-41.

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