An exceptionally fine example of early public school architecture, the Phillips School began life as the Boston English High School. Two decades later, in 1844, the name and purpose of the building changed to the Phillips Grammar School, training white children from the surrounding neighborhood. The black community on the North Slope of Beacon Hill began to agitate for school integration through court action in the 1840s and 1850s. When integration was achieved in 1855, the Phillips School accepted one of the city's first racially mixed classes; in 1863, the school moved to larger quarters down the hill at 41 Phillips Street. The Phillips School, distinguished by second-floor arched windows within relieving arches and distyle-in-antis entrance, was converted to condominiums in the 1980s. As you face the school, look down Anderson Street for a fine view of the Bulfinch Pavilion at Massachusetts General Hospital (WE3).
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