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Boston Athenaeum

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1846–1849, Edward C. Cabot and George Minot Dexter, associate architects; 1913–1915, Bigelow and Wadsworth; 2002, Schwartz/Silver Architects. 10½ Beacon St.
  • Boston Athenaeum

The Boston Athenaeum was one of the first major examples in Boston of the revival of Italian Renaissance architecture, deemed a highly appropriate style for cultural organizations in the second quarter of the nineteenth century. The Athenaeum had begun as a gentleman's reading room (the Anthology Society) in 1805. As it grew, the organization occupied various structures until the completion of this building in 1849. Two competitions were held, one in 1845 and a second one year later. The decision to award the commission to Edward C. Cabot, then a novice architect just beginning his career, was controversial. Cabot was directed to carry out the work in association with George Minot Dexter, an experienced architect and engineer who had submitted designs in both competitions. However, it is likely that Cabot was largely responsible for the design of the building, particularly the Beacon Street facade. Cabot had not yet been to Europe, and his design is derived from publications in the Athenaeum library featuring the work of Palladio and English architects of the nineteenth century. The facade is built of Patterson, New Jersey, sandstone and stood in dramatic contrast to the red brick houses and granite commercial blocks found throughout the city at the time.

The Boston Athenaeum was designed to accommodate both a library and an art gallery (sculpture on the first floor, books on the second, paintings on the third), but the need for a gallery became less important with the construction of the Museum of Fine Arts in the 1870s. The Athenaeum building underwent its first major renovation in 1913–1915, when the interior was gutted and two floors were added to designs by Bigelow and Wadsworth. Much of the character of the original first three floors was retained in the rebuilding; yet one enhancement was the magnificent reading room on the fifth floor, with its vaulted coffered ceiling. In 1999–2002 a second major renovation by Schwartz/Silver Architects dramatically remodeled the first floor, installed climate control, and expanded facilities into the neighboring building at 14 Beacon Street.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Keith N. Morgan
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Citation

Keith N. Morgan, "Boston Athenaeum", [Boston, Massachusetts], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/MA-01-BH7.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Massachusetts

Buildings of Massachusetts: Metropolitan Boston, Keith N. Morgan, with Richard M. Candee, Naomi Miller, Roger G. Reed, and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009, 104-105.

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