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Melrose Town Center Historic District

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Main St.
  • Melrose Town Historic District

These civic and religious structures document the development of Melrose at the turn of the nineteenth century, with several of the current structures replacing earlier buildings that burned. City Hall (562 Main Street), although built in 1874 to the designs of John Stevens, was extensively remodeled in 1937 following a fire. Only the ground story survives as evidence of the original Victorian design. In 1895, local architect Lewis A. Dow designed the adjoining red brick Fire Station (576 Main Street) with a hose tower patterned after an Italian campanile and three round-arched bay doors for the vehicles. George Newton used salvaged granite from the old Suffolk County Courthouse (GC20) for the 1912 Memorial Hall (590 Main Street). He created a building in which the front facade serves as a granite monument masking the auditorium in the rear. It is now the home of the Melrose Symphony Orchestra, the oldest community symphony orchestra in the country.

On the south side of the street, the town constructed Calvin Coolidge School (Main Street) in 1897–1898; originally the high school, it was converted to an elementary school in 1933. Tristram Griffin, a Boston architect who lived in nearby Malden, provided a typical school plan of the period but added unusual ornamental details in the Braintree granite ground floor and trim. The belt course, partially quarry faced with an ogee pattern, is unconventional, as are the paired diagonally projecting pilasters with over-sized plinths and foliate capitals framing the main entrance. On the west side of the school stands the First Baptist Church (561 Main Street), a 1907 design by architect George Newton. Constructed of granite and limestone, the Gothic design resembles several churches in the Boston area by this architect. On the east side of the school rises the First United Methodist Church (645 Main Street). J. Williams Beal modeled the design for this fieldstone church after his Methodist Church in Brockton. Built in 1906–1907, Beal's Melrose church used Romanesque motifs, but the predominant influences derive from the Arts and Crafts movement.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Keith N. Morgan
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Data

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Citation

Keith N. Morgan, "Melrose Town Center Historic District", [Melrose, Massachusetts], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/MA-01-MR2.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Massachusetts

Buildings of Massachusetts: Metropolitan Boston, Keith N. Morgan, with Richard M. Candee, Naomi Miller, Roger G. Reed, and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009, 395-396.

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