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1884, Baldwin and Pennington. 117 E. Liberty St.
  • Perspective view, west track and front facade (Photograph by Chris Stevens)
  • West front and south side (Photograph by Chris Stevens)
  • East front (Photograph by Chris Stevens)
  • East front (Photograph by Chris Stevens)
  • (Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie)

This is one of the most exuberant of the B&O’s many stations designed by the company’s principal architects, responsible for over a hundred stations. Oakland is one of the first and most decorative surviving examples of their Queen Anne designs. Architecturally fashionable stations such as this were integral to the company’s resort development, which was strongly promoted by the company’s president, John W. Garrett. Primarily intended to link Baltimore with the Ohio River and the growing trade in the west, the B&O proved a significant boost to suburbanization and tourism, with several resort and religious revival communities emerging within proximity of the line. As an indication of how vital the railroad was to the development of the county, it was named for its president. Oakland was surveyed in 1849 in anticipation of the railroad’s arrival in 1851, and it became the seat of Garrett County when it was established in 1872. This exceptionally well-preserved station is now a public museum and education center.


Avery, Carlos P. E. Francis Baldwin, Architect: The B&O, Baltimore, and Beyond. Baltimore: Baltimore Architecture Foundation, 2003.

Writing Credits

Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie



  • 1884


What's Nearby


Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie, "BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD STATION", [Oakland, Maryland], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Maryland, Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2022, 374-374.

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