You are here

Island Park, Bandshell, Pool, and Arena

-A A +A
c. 1877 park; 1911 bandshell, Hancock Brothers; 1936–1938 pool and arena, S. Marius Houkom; 1986 swimming pool, Hunter-Grobe. Bounded roughly by 1st and 6th aves. S and 4th and 7th sts. S
  • Pool (Photograph by Steve C. Martens)
  • Arena under construction, 1938 (Braseth-Houkom papers collection, North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies, Archie Dewey, photographer)

Platted c. 1877, Island Park was a gift to the city from the Northern Pacific Railway. It is one of Fargo’s most historically important public open spaces. The site was subject to frequent flooding until the course of the Red River was altered by construction of an earthen levee that is popular for sledding in the winter. Local businesspeople commissioned the construction of a bandstand (2010 restored) that, today, is used more for outdoor weddings than for musical performances. The park includes an array of statues and recreational structures, notably a WPA-funded swimming pool complex and the facade of the Fargo Arena. The arena originally accommodated ice skating and winter sports, but was dismantled and relocated to serve as an aircraft hangar during World War II. Hunter-Grobe worked with Park District representatives to assure that the historic facade was preserved as a front screen for the new swimming pool (1986).

The arena was an innovative longspan, laminated wooden-arch structure by Fargo architect Houkom (1891–1980). In 1973 Houkom was interviewed by architectural historian Ronald Ramsay about his experiences transitioning from architecture school at the University of Michigan to architectural practice in Fargo. Houkom recalled that “essentially everything we had learned about emerging design technology and construction materials was out the window [with the Great Depression]. The new ground rules had everything to do with using low cost materials that afforded the maximum opportunities for unskilled human labor.” In light of those conditions, the hand-formed and hand-rubbed cast-concrete features and wooden arches make sense.

The WPA swimming pool complex consisted of an outdoor pool (now filled in), grandstand seating with locker rooms below, and a Moderne canopied tower that contained an outdoor shower and foot-wash. Space below the grandstand has served recreational needs of several groups over the years. Recently constructed hard-surface game courts (basketball, tennis), though popular, are less sympathetic to the historic character and usage of the park. The piecemeal design of the YMCA from 1965 to 2000, situated at the northeast edge of the park, is also an unfortunate detraction from the historic park features. The park contains two often overlooked works of figurative art: a somewhat generic Civil War memorial (c. 1913) and a more noteworthy sculpture (installed 1908) of Norwegian poet and philosopher Henrik Arnold Wergeland by internationally famous Norwegian sculptor Gustav Vigelund. While Vigelund’s representations of the human figure in Oslo, Norway, are well known, this commissioned statue is the only known sculpture by Vigelund in North America, and one of his few works outside Norway. Dotted with large oaks, elms, and coniferous trees, Island Park is a shady, reposeful amenity at the foot of downtown and a transition to southside residential neighborhoods.

Writing Credits

Steve C. Martens and Ronald H. L. M. Ramsay


What's Nearby


Steve C. Martens and Ronald H. L. M. Ramsay, "Island Park, Bandshell, Pool, and Arena", [Fargo, North Dakota], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of North Dakota

Buildings of North Dakota, Steve C. Martens and Ronald H. L. M. Ramsay. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2015, 43-44.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.