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Stambaugh Building
1907, Albert Kahn; 1914 expansion; 2015–2018 renovation. 44 E. Federal St.
  • (Courtesy of Ohio Redevelopment Group)

As it stands today, the Stambaugh Building is the result of two distinct building phases. It began as an eight-story tower with a concrete and steel frame that cost $1.5 million to construct. With a white brick facade and a cornice adorned with an intricate trim, it is an outstanding example of how Kahn paired historical styles with industrial materials. The interior included terrazzo floors, marble walls and stairs, and brass hardware; the windows were framed with grained walnut; a Cutler Mail Chute system was installed throughout.

The administrative offices of the Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company occupied the top five floors of the Stambaugh with Euwer’s Department Store installed in the lower three levels and basement. A sign for Euwer’s, which opened as a retailer in 1908, crowned the Stambaugh tower. Once the building reached full capacity, the building owners decided to expand the structure vertically, and for approximately $200,000 they added four new floors. The steel frame grew in height by 60 feet, requiring that the cornice be removed; once completed, the structure topped out at 160 feet.

Another Kahn-designed building sits diagonally across the central square in downtown Youngstown. The thirteen-story Mahoning National Bank building has a strong vertical emphasis and an elaborately detailed, classically styled terra-cotta facing topped with an ornate cornice.

Following a renovation that began in 2015, the Stambaugh Building now houses a DoubleTree by Hilton, in addition to a restaurant and retail stores. The hotel opened in 2018.


Banham, Reyner. A Concrete Atlantis: U.S. Industrial Building and European Modern Architecture 1900-1925. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986.

Hamlin, Talbot. “Factories as Architecture.” Pencil Points21 (August 1940): 469-482.

Wilson, Richard Guy, Dianne H. Pilgrim, and Dickran Tashjian. The Machine Age in America, 1919-1941. New York: The Brooklyn Museum in association with Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, 1986.

Writing Credits

Sally L. Levine and Daniel I. Vieyra
Barbara Powers



  • 1907

  • 1914

    Vertical expansion
  • 2015

    Renovation and conversion into hotel

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Sally L. Levine and Daniel I. Vieyra, "DoubleTree by Hilton", [Youngstown, Ohio], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

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