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Caesar Misch Building

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1903, Martin and Hall. 400 Westminster St.
  • (Photograph by Andrew Hope)
  • (Photograph by Andrew Hope)
  • (Photograph by Andrew Hope)
  • (Photograph by JPRiley, CC BY-SA 4.0)

Of all extant Queen Anne commercial facades in the city, the Conrad Building's beautifully restored front for the plain brick box behind is the most ambitious. The first impression it gives is of a multitude of windows, variously shaped and projected, above the handsome regularity of a classic Queen Anne cast iron storefront. Small-paned transoms increase the light into the high interiors and incidentally scale down the shop windows to accord with the horizontality of the street. As with many Queen Anne buildings, the basic compositional scheme is symmetrical, centered in the recessed entrance to the upper floors. An ornamented terra-cotta arch at the second-story level accents the entrance. Above it a three-story bay window, flanked by arched openings, all within a slightly projecting ornamental framework, makes a centerpiece for the elevation. But as is also typical of the Queen Anne Style, no sooner is a central axis established than asymmetrical “features” counter the balance. Another three-story bay projects south of the centerline. More sensationally, north of it a domed tower swells off one corner. Meaning to be “Saracenic,” in accord with Victorian love of the exotic, it also suggests a stack of Victorian domestic conservatories looking toward the center of the city. Arched windows across the topmost floor also recall minarets.

These exotic touches probably represented the client's taste, since they are nearly unique in the architect's work. Jerothmul B. Barnaby was a self-made millionaire from his clothing store a few blocks away on Westminster Street. He presented this investment property as a self-renewing wedding present to his daughter and son-in-law. (Is the mysterious bust on the terracotta roundel toward the southern end of the building a portrait of him, of his son-in-law, or of some historical figure?) Barnaby's penchant for the Middle East seems confirmed by a similar tower which the same architects added two years later to his Broadway mansion ( PR186). The Conrad Building was beautifully restored as luxury apartments, but the area was not ripe for gentrification, so the building became a dormitory for Johnson and Wales University students.

By comparison, Caesar Misch's commercial palace is tame indeed. Another example of Neo-Renaissance trim in terra-cotta which is boldly challenged by the logic of the steelframe, plate-glass commercial building, the Misch Building's brick walls give it a more normative look than Harkness's reduction of “walls” to the bare bones skeleton of his Summerfield Building ( PR15).

Writing Credits

William H. Jordy et al.


What's Nearby


William H. Jordy et al., "Caesar Misch Building", [Providence, Rhode Island], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Rhode Island, William H. Jordy, with Ronald J. Onorato and William McKenzie Woodward. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, 53-54.

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