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Antioch Missionary Baptist Church

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1879, Richard Allen; 1895, Robert Jones. 500 Clay Ave.
  • (Photograph by Gerald Moorhead )
  • (Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress)

Antioch Missionary Baptist Church is the oldest historically African American church building in Houston. Until the 1950s it was the centerpiece of the institutional sector of the Fourth Ward African American neighborhood, which existed from the end of the Civil War until it was incrementally demolished between the mid-1950s and mid-1970s. The gray, stucco-faced brick church contains the worship area on the second floor above classrooms and gathering spaces. Two Houston African American architect-builders, Allen and Jones, were responsible for the building's initial design and the first of several rounds of expansions and alterations.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "Antioch Missionary Baptist Church", [Houston, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: Central, South, and Gulf Coast, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 328-329.

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