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United States National Cemetery

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1866–1870 and later; Montgomery C. Meigs, Quartermaster General, U.S. Army
  • Butterfield 5th Corps Monument (center) (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Butterfield 5th Corps Monument (far left) (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • Superintendent's house (far right) (Photograph by Mark Mones)

Laid out after the war on a portion of the former battlefield with a commanding view, the cemetery contains 6,603 graves of Union dead, of whom about half are unknown. The terracing apparently dates from Meigs's involvement in the 1860s, and his office—possibly with the participation of Alfred B. Mullett, then Supervising Architect of the Treasury—designed the stone, mansard-roofed superintendent's house. The cemetery contains several monuments of note, including the 38-foot-tall Doric column of the Butterfield 5th Corps Monument (1900, Hoffman and Prochzka of New York, contractors) and the bronze Humphreys Monument (1908, Herbert Adams), which stands atop a base of smooth pink granite from Stony Creek, Connecticut.

Writing Credits

Richard Guy Wilson et al.

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