The Woodland Heights subdivision is situated on a large plateau above the James River. The neighborhood is characterized by blocks of long lots that face the north-south (numbered) streets. The median of Semmes Avenue, the main east-west thoroughfare of the neighborhood, denotes the former streetcar route, which extended down Semmes Avenue and out Forest Hill Avenue to the terminus at Forest Hill Park. The original (1889) street plan, laid out by civil engineer A. Langstaff Johnson, failed to take advantage of riverside views, an amenity provided in 1909 with the addition of Crestview and Ferncliff Avenues. The residential architecture of the neighborhood is characterized by a few Victorian homes and bungalows dispersed among a large number of Foursquare houses. The majority of the neighborhood buildings are simple frame houses constructed between 1910 and 1925. The 2700 block of Hillcrest Road was also added to Woodland Heights in 1909 to take advantage of the bluffs overlooking the James River. The substantial Georgian Revival homes on this street reflect the prominence of their riverfront location.
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