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Meadow Farm Museum (at Crump Park)

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at Crump Park
c. 1800 and later. 3400 Mountain Rd. Open to the public

Here in 1800 two slaves informed Mosby Sheppard that Gabriel Prosser was organizing a slave rebellion. The miscreants were stopped and punished, and the event caused a series of reforms that diminished the rights of enslaved and freed blacks in Virginia.

The property is now a Henrico County park comprising a series of buildings. The main structure is the Sheppard-Crump house (c. 1800, c. 1820, c. 1840, c. 1854; 1990, restoration), a one-and-one-half-story, five-bay, gableroofed wooden I-house. It was built as a side-entrance, three-bay I-house; two bays were added to the west end for a parlor c. 1820. A shed-roofed porch, later enclosed, was added c. 1840, along with the Greek Revival entrance portico. Around 1854 a two-story wing with bracketed eaves was added to the rear, making a T-shaped plan. The house apparently remained unpainted until the 1930s. Restored to the period 1830–1860, it contains mostly original furnishings. Also on the property are outbuildings for animals and a blacksmith shed, both original and reconstructions that illustrate the farm life of a mid-nineteenth-century Virginia farm. The museum also owns a significant collection of Richmond-area folk art.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Richard Guy Wilson et al.
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Citation

Richard Guy Wilson et al., "Meadow Farm Museum (at Crump Park)", [Glen Allen, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/VA-01-RI379.

Print Source

Buildings of Virginia: Tidewater and Piedmont, Richard Guy Wilson and contributors. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 295-296.

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