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Stanhope Farmyard

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c. 1890. Water Tower Rd., 0.5 miles north of Reservoir Rd.
  • (Photograph by Curtis B. Johnson, C. B. Johnson Photography)
  • (Photograph by Curtis B. Johnson, C. B. Johnson Photography)

The farmyard that Samuel Stanhope built c. 1890, after a fire consumed the existing house and barns on his farm, is a good example of a northwestern Vermont courtyard arrangement of buildings erected at the same time rather than over time. Characteristic of the type, the group of buildings sits at the end of a long straight drive and consists of, in clockwise order from north to south, a west-facing house with kitchen and woodshed ell, a farm shop, a slaughterhouse, a horse barn with a hog basement, and a large bank barn that faces north to the drive. The house is conservative in exterior design, with Greek Revival detailing and a simple Queen Anne porch, and the interior has the more open plan characteristic of the century's end, with no side hall and the stairway moved to the rear. The horse barn retains arched entrance trim for its stalls, and the great wooden slaughtering wheel still hangs in the slaughterhouse. The bank barn is of the Champlain Valley type, with ground stables and twin covered-bridge entrances on the eaves side accessing the interior haymow. Samuel farmed two hundred and fifty acres, kept three horses, twenty-five cows, fifteen other cattle, a dozen chickens, and tapped several hundred maples. He also kept ten or so swine, butchering and selling pork to his neighbors; of necessity, the slaughterhouse was a good distance behind the other buildings. His descendants continue to operate the dairy farm, updating the barn into a modern free-stall operation for one hundred cows with additional stalls and a milking parlor and bulk tank room.

Writing Credits

Glenn M. Andres and Curtis B. Johnson


What's Nearby


Glenn M. Andres and Curtis B. Johnson, "Stanhope Farmyard", [Berkshire, Vermont], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Vermont

Buildings of Vermont, Glenn M. Andres and Curtis B. Johnson. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 198-199.

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