A stolid Roman Doric portico, its limestone columns supporting a heavy entablature and balustrade partially screening an attic story above, fronts the short end of this ponderous brick mass. Longer side bays have ranks of classroom windows arranged in threes and fours, separated by pilasters. Oglebay displays BeauxArts and Georgian Revival components and provides an architectural transition between the earlier Chitwood Hall and later buildings that Davis designed.
Built to house agricultural research facilities, a major component of the land-grant university's mission, Oglebay was named to honor Wheeling agricultural and financial magnate Earl W. Oglebay. The thinly disguised hope that the honoree would spring for the cost was dashed when Oglebay elected instead to fund similar activities and facilities at Bethany College, his alma mater. Although they did not get the money, university officials kept the name. Oglebay now houses the psychology department.