You are here

Monongalia County

-A A +A

The Virginia General Assembly created Monongalia County from portions of the district of West Augusta in October 1776, the first year of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Like Ohio County, which was established by the same act, the county was named for the river that flows through it. In this instance, however, a variant spelling was used. Although the river is the Monongahela, the county is Monongalia.

By 1840 Monongalia had a population of 17,368, of whom only 260 were slaves. The county did not sustain its first flush of growth in subsequent decades, and sixty years later, the 1900 census counted a population of only 19,049. The county's coal reserves had long been known, but they were not extensively developed until World War I created a sudden and insatiable demand. As miners and their families arrived, the population soared, reaching a figure of 33,618 by 1920. Coal still plays a major role in the county's economy, and in 1980 Monongalia County ranked first in the state in production. In 2000, with 81,866 inhabitants, Monongalia was West Virginia's fourth most populous county.

Writing Credits

Author: 
S. Allen Chambers Jr.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,