The first settler to this spot arrived in 1839, but it was not until after the Civil War that Siloam Springs began to grow. The town was platted in 1880 in anticipation of the arrival of a railroad. Although that railroad never arrived, the Kansas City, Pittsburg and Gulf Railroad (later the Kansas City—Southern) extended its line through the town in 1893, and Siloam Springs then developed as a health and tourist resort for visitors to the springs and for the picturesque location. The former U.S. Post Office (1937, Louis A. Simon, Supervising Architect of the U.S. Treasury), a plain beige brick building at 101 S. Broadway, has a Public Works Administration (PWA) mural, Lumbering in Arkansas, completed in 1940 by Bertrand R. Adams.
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