New Orleans’s rapid expansion in the late eighteenth century led to growth beyond the Vieux Carré across Rampart Street to Faubourg Tremé and downriver to Faubourg Marigny, Bywater, and Holy Cross. Tremé, bounded roughly by N. Rampart, Canal, and N. Broad streets and Esplanade Avenue, was platted in 1812 by city surveyor Jacques Tanesse on former plantations, including that of Claude Tremé. Tremé was populated mainly by free people of color, many of whom came to New Orleans from Saint-Domingue (Haiti) and Cuba. The dwellings are mostly Creole cottages and shotgun houses. Front yards are infrequent and for the most part, houses front directly on the street, with steps (or stoops) for sitting outside.
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