Anahuac is a small town on the northeast shore of Trinity Bay, near the point where the Trinity River empties into the bay. It grew up in the second quarter of the nineteenth century adjacent to a short-lived Mexican fort, built at this strategic location in 1831. The Mexican jefe militar of Coahuila y Texas, General Manuel Mier y Terán, gave the fort the Náhuatl name, Anahuac, by which the town became known. In 1908 Anahuac became the county seat of Chambers County, supplanting the neighboring town of Wallisville. In 1935 the Anahuac oil field was brought in by the Humble Oil and Refining Company. Some of the town's most distinctive architecture dates from this event.
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