In 1818, the county seat moved from its first location at Dickensonville to a hilly site on Cedar Creek near the center of the county. The town was laid out in thirty-eight lots lining Main Street and named Lebanon, apparently from the biblical mention of the Cedars of Lebanon and thus referring to the creek with its profusion of cedar trees. After a fire in 1872 destroyed much of the village, its small commercial downtown was rebuilt. Predominantly composed of late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century buildings, the commercial center is edged by an expanding grid pattern along U.S. 19 Business.
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