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Frederick Douglass House, National Park Service (Cedar Hill)

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Cedar Hill
c. 1855–1859, unknown. 1411 W St. SE

Although modest in its scale and ornamentation, the Frederick Douglass House exhibits characteristics promulgated by Andrew Jackson Downing and his followers for a romantic cottage situated in natural surroundings. The gable intersecting the roof in the center bay of the main facade is an external expression of the cross-axial flow of interior space associated with Downing's picturesque principles for homey domestic architecture. The second-story bay window together with those added later on the ground story brought in more light at the same time that they provided wider views of the surrounding countryside. The porch traversing the entire front (an American invention) helps to break down the division between inside and outside space, while it provides a partially sheltered locale from which to enjoy prospects and fresh air. Floor-to-ceiling windows on the first floor, which are obscured by the porch, admit additional light and could be opened for cross ventilation. The front door with side lights harks back to earlier nineteenth-century styles. The overlay of classical details, the Doric porch columns and bay window pilasters, on what Downing proposed as a medieval revival form with cross gables, shows how each builder or owner interpreted the new style according to individual tastes and needs.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee
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Citation

Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee, "Frederick Douglass House, National Park Service (Cedar Hill)", [Washington, District of Columbia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/DC-01-SE05.

Print Source

Buildings of the District of Columbia, Pamela Scott and Antoinette J. Lee. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, 275-275.

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