You are here

Henry Clay Furnace

-A A +A
1834–1836. Via footpath, .5 mile southeast of the parking lot

A hundred years before the CCC built its facilities at Cooper's Rock, the area had been a beehive of industrial activity. The Henry Clay Furnace, now the sole visible remnant of a oncethriving enterprise, was formerly the nucleus of a settlement of 200 workers. It now stands isolated in a deep, woodsy hollow at the end of a long, gently descending footpath.

The furnace, a truncated pyramid, occupies a 30-foot-square footprint, and its walls rise the same height. A testament to the stonemason's skill, it is constructed of huge sandstone blocks, beautifully finished and joined. Wooden-rail trams connected ore pits, where the iron ore was found, to the furnace. The operation is thought to have lasted until c. 1868.

Writing Credits

S. Allen Chambers Jr.


What's Nearby


S. Allen Chambers Jr., "Henry Clay Furnace", [Morgantown, West Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,