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The English established a settlement along what is now Hampton (originally Southampton) River in 1610; the General Assembly designated it a port in 1708. Its strategic location required the construction of several forts, of which Fort Monroe is the most significant survivor. After the Civil War the town grew significantly, especially with the establishment of Hampton University. In 1952 the city of Hampton consolidated with Elizabeth City County, vastly enlarging its area.

Writing Credits

Richard Guy Wilson et al.

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